Euroskeptics in the European Parlament
Although oppositions in Europe have been much studied, Euroscepticism within the European Union institutions has been largely neglected by scholars. In an attempt to fill in this gap, this article concentrates on the minority of hard Eurosceptic Members of the European Parliament to examine the perceptions and practices that these anti-system actors have of their representative mandate at the EU level. This article first aims to determine how they conceive and carry out their mandate and whether there is a variation among them concerning the vision of their mandate and their behavioral characteristics. Drawing on the insights of role theory and using a qualitative methodology, it proposes a typology of roles and shows that these representatives have more choice than a voice or exit strategy. Then, this article combines individual and institutional factors to explain the choice of a role by these actors.