Regionalism in Spain – the case of Aragon, Andalusia, Valencia and the Canary Islands
Regionalism is a sense of common identity of the inhabitants of a particular region and the consequent desire for greater autonomy. The article presents the characteristics of regionalism in Aragon, Andalusia, Valencia and the Canary Islands with the emphasis on the most representative elements of each region (the other autonomous communities in Spain, despite the presence of certain differences, do not have a sense of separate identity, and do not show desire for greater autonomy even in such a way as to be able to call it regionalism, while in the three historical lands – the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia, there is strong
nationalism, which is a much stronger anti-central incentive than regionalism). The article also aims at analyzing the causes of nationalist movements – mainly the socio-cultural differences (in Andalusia and the Canary Islands), the politico-economic conditions (in Aragon and Valencia) and geographical location (Canary Islands).